back to "Does Utah really lead the nation in per capita production of scientists?"

Appendix A

Statistics relating to scientists and engineers born in Utah and other states

My study uses the 1993 statistics on college graduates. To generate the data report from which I derived the statistical metrics on scientists born in Utah, follow these steps:

  1. Go to http://sestat.nsf.gov
  2. Click on "Data Access"
  3. Click on "create your own tables"
  4. Register and log in [Registration is free, but does require an email address.]
  5. At the bottom of the page click on "Methodology" to understand how the data base was collected, and its statistical reliability.
  6. For "Database" select "College Grads Survey, NSCG." (1993). Then click "Continue."
  7. Click on "Variables."
  8. In the box labeled "Available Variables," scroll down the list and click on (highlight) "O_ED_HD_MAJOR_ED_GRP_MINOR." In the box labeled "Short Description for highlighted variables," note the description "Field of Major for Highest Degree (35 Minor Groups)."
  9. Click on the "Add" button next to Col 1. Verify that "O_ED_HD_MAJOR_ED_GRP_MINOR" now appears in the adjacent box.
  10. In the box labeled "Available Variables," scroll down the list and click on (highlight) "U_DEM_BIRTH_PLACE_ST_CNTRY_CD." In the box labeled "Short Description for highlighted variables," note the description "State/County Code, Place of Birth."
  11. Click on the "Add" button next to Row. Verify that "U_DEM_BIRTH_PLACE_ST_CNTRY_CD" now appears in the adjacent box.
  12. From the selections at the top of the screen, click on "Table Generation."
  13. At the bottom of the screen, click on "Generate Result Table."

I generated my result table 17:30 Friday, September 7, 2001. The table consists of a column along the left-hand side of the page with birthplaces (all 50 states, plus the District of Columbia, plus countries throughout the world). Along the top of the table are various academic disciplines (both science and non-science). The body of the table shows the weighted number of individuals in the United States whose last (typically highest) college degree and birthplace are given by the table coordinates. Figure A1 illustrates how a part of my result table looked when I printed it.

 

Computer and information sciences

Mathematical sciences

Agricultural and food sciences

Biological sciences

Environmental life sciences

         

BTHST

5,417

10,885 3,348 10,702 135

Alabama

Alaska

1,443

536 . 1,384 68
Figure A1. Portion of the result table I generated using SESTAT.

Following in the rest of this appendix are sifted data from the SESTAT result table Ė first with the data unranked and un-normalized, and then with the data ranked and normalized for each scientific/engineering discipline. The data in the sifted tables are weighted, and the data in the normalized tables have been normalized to US census population figures for 2000.

Sifted data from NSF results table for number of scientists and engineers, with various disciplines, born in various states.

State

Pop (thou.)

Comp.

Mathematics

Agriculture

Biological

Environmental

Alabama

4447 5417 10885 3348 10702 135

Alaska

626 1443 536 0 1384 68

Arizona

5130 2882 840 2106 2709 243

Arkansas

2673 2415 5087 2249 5472 689

California

33871 26909 26801 19422 65263 7895

Colorado

4301 3459 4314 2956 8672 943

Connecticut

3405 6531 5362 2995 13438 2416

Delaware

783 1089 1229 955 2013 208

District of C.

572 4839 5207 460 7885 664

Florida

15982 6895 6675 2394 7631 1282

Georgia

8186 7575 5254 3741 11951 1276

Hawaii

1211 1488 1202 1657 4706 198

Idaho

1293 994 1247 2069 5532 413

Illinois

12419 24645 23641 14720 47557 2982

Indiana

6080 9121 8510 6387 18432 3029

Iowa

2926 5760 9029 8565 15190 1357

Kansa

2688 3943 6021 5622 13797 791

Kentucky

4041 1846 5619 3684 8276 388

Louisiana

4468 5189 5953 2817 9964 2261

Main

1274 1551 393 1502 3398 356

Maryland

2296 7801 6970 3172 15368 2295

Massachusetts

6349 13437 15581 5241 29666 2513

Michigan

9938 16194 16607 4164 31146 5157

Minnesota

4919 8091 11057 4124 20941 2440

Mississippi

2844 3271 5683 989 9047 1616

Missouri

5595 9809 8796 5212 13156 2688

Montana

902 1376 885 1866 5006 761

Nebraska

1711 1984 4255 5537 5969 1057

Nevada

1998 718 1201 502 1689 73

New Hampshire

1235 904 1038 1309 3094 680

New Jersey

8414 15847 16995 4580 28441 2165

New Mexico

1819 2128 1021 1836 4979 642

New York

18976 51125 50025 8219 90490 7048

North Carolina

8049 6573 8276 4899 11018 1102

North Dakota

642 2831 2716 942 4800 475

Ohio

11353 18499 24059 9187 41689 3752

Oklahoma

3450 5176 9137 3982 10262 441

Oregon

3421 2239 3185 3539 7106 2818

Pennsylvania

12281 27549 35749 9998 56509 4483

Rhode Island

1048 2047 2396 1404 3159 281

South Carolina

4012 3099 7030 3003 7694 895

South Dakota

754 1386 2864 2120 6533 0

Tennessee

5689 4066 8273 2419 9706 949

Texas

20851 18804 22138 9376 37375 877

Utah

2233 1247 2277 2332 5829 177

Vermont

608 357 1060 1368 1150 149

Virginia

7078 7034 10414 3891 16215 1187

Washington

5894 4637 8113 3612 14633 4392

West Virginia

1808 1280 1763 1556 7803 1499

Wisconsin

5363 8240 11060 10278 22044 3168

Wyoming

493 971 844 1522 2424 334

 

Sifted data from NSF results table for number of scientists and engineers, with various disciplines, born in various states.

State

Chem.

Geology

Physics

Other physical

Aerospace

Chem. Engr.

Alabama

5031 1752 782 1166 1243 1818

Alaska

177 508 67 0 0 69

Arizona

1272 1567 597 53 626 741

Arkansas

2619 2201 802 561 436 859

California

13953 11214 8559 1962 5706 3725

Colorado

3611 3217 1653 198 1764 999

Connecticut

4234 1670 2098 1114 2105 1629

Delaware

411 251 961 72 315 210

District of C.

1797 921 1715 150 1402 810

Florida

3894 976 2435 1028 2309 657

Georgia

6157 2149 2155 436 1353 1537

Hawaii

957 671 284 0 819 567

Idaho

870 1481 2001 200 429 137

Illinois

17789 9550 6159 949 7470 7761

Indiana

8312 4329 3548 640 3060 3605

Iowa

3510 2202 2236 1737 1821 1907

Kansa

4542 3715 2274 1037 713 1524

Kentucky

3261 1577 1372 477 540 1579

Louisiana

2448 3109 1293 169 485 3173

Main

143 974 1366 0 204 206

Maryland

4091 1995 1748 0 628 788

Massachusetts

7598 5167 4334 424 2204 3777

Michigan

10208 4316 4140 1191 4824 4968

Minnesota

5159 3147 2291 832 2528 3012

Mississippi

3775 867 682 0 141 956

Missouri

5455 2035 3142 1126 895 4156

Montana

739 797 1324 205 388 675

Nebraska

2050 1710 956 67 1007 804

Nevada

192 72 69 0 0 73

New Hampshire

1831 249 546 136 69 718

New Jersey

10489 5134 6669 1646 2653 5183

New Mexico

771 498 421 424 258 1701

New York

33757 15849 19747 5286 10259 14418

North Carolina

7828 2387 2209 1532 530 1521

North Dakota

637 864 781 0 693 910

Ohio

15249 8142 4860 384 4624 9266

Oklahoma

2792 5162 2231 326 1171 2854

Oregon

1783 1861 1454 778 189 700

Pennsylvania

24182 9567 10641 2844 5281 14565

Rhode Island

1406 1382 408 176 139 1175

South Carolina

2392 1548 1273 533 575 751

South Dakota

2230 524 685 0 137 139

Tennessee

3467 608 2121 0 826 1578

Texas

10123 13910 5102 921 2369 6987

Utah

1163 845 946 149 484 943

Vermont

1116 68 121 0 436 436

Virginia

4205 1636 3314 219 1528 1024

Washington

2220 4832 1751 581 482 2505

West Virginia

4353 1032 295 0 548 1099

Wisconsin

5433 3626 1941 0 1015 2864

Wyoming

916 146 1841 72 436 644

 

Sifted data from NSF results table for number of scientists and engineers, with various disciplines, born in various states.

State

Civil

Electrical

Industrial

Mechanical

Other

Alabama

3766 6837 2789 4851 4527

Alaska

208 207 0 132 703

Arizona

1078 3639 215 1174 759

Arkansas

2035 4215 788 1646 1277

California

17011 34494 6840 21306 18360

Colorado

3197 5492 403 2891 5138

Connecticut

4092 6555 541 7652 2907

Delaware

308 1269 73 788 599

District of C.

3423 2963 738 2784 2188

Florida

3040 6526 1094 4072 3441

Georgia

3941 5440 3856 4386 4696

Hawaii

3269 3185 53 980 1278

Idaho

1907 2984 0 1073 990

Illinois

17429 30698 4878 18986 17180

Indiana

4448 12203 3441 10823 7200

Iowa

6264 6702 1407 3832 4551

Kansa

4501 7084 1364 4100 4016

Kentucky

3597 6618 1488 2457 2721

Louisiana

2701 5990 553 6329 3048

Main

2272 2220 0 1129 3943

Maryland

3323 8000 913 3887 3418

Massachusetts

11862 21432 4443 17731 12948

Michigan

10250 23071 5696 23495 8992

Minnesota

6074 11188 1820 8337 5406

Mississippi

2522 4402 1649 1971 1843

Missouri

8179 13454 1138 8620 5380

Montana

2300 3990 135 1572 1621

Nebraska

2275 5820 1148 3016 4419

Nevada

1067 547 0 189 264

New Hampshire

858 1525 208 1015 926

New Jersey

6803 18092 4073 13432 8799

New Mexico

1515 2999 309 2175 1005

New York

27609 47724 9930 36256 27783

North Carolina

4758 7967 2124 5778 6469

North Dakota

2306 2322 284 1438 754

Ohio

15163 26457 8029 22622 10984

Oklahoma

2329 5583 1204 5208 5510

Oregon

2828 3787 930 3042 940

Pennsylvania

16245 36365 9257 28453 23651

Rhode Island

1358 2251 489 1413 1618

South Carolina

2370 4398 558 3072 1764

South Dakota

2400 2488 69 2041 2183

Tennessee

5172 10379 1788 4831 1697

Texas

11500 19856 6416 17729 16948

Utah

2328 3517 1011 1895 3415

Vermont

757 516 132 563 146

Virginia

6287 6413 3162 7459 4087

Washington

5362 6756 808 6816 5235

West Virginia

2649 4328 1021 3165 2982

Wisconsin

6576 15355 1510 10964 7912

Wyoming

1570 1772 506 467 612

Normalized data for scientists and engineers born in each state (ranked for each category).

State

Computer and informational science

State

Mathematical sciences

District of C.

8.45979021

District of C.

9.103146853

North Dakota

4.409657321

North Dakota

4.230529595

Maryland

3.397648084

South Dakota

3.798408488

New York

2.694192664

Iowa

3.085782638

Alaska

2.305111821

Maryland

3.035714286

Pennsylvania

2.243221236

Pennsylvania

2.910919306

Massachusetts

2.116396283

Oklahoma

2.648405797

Illinois

1.984459296

New York

2.636224705

Wyoming

1.969574037

Nebraska

2.486849795

Iowa

1.968557758

Massachusetts

2.454087258

Rhode Island

1.953244275

Alabama

2.447717562

Connecticut

1.918061674

Rhode Island

2.286259542

New Jersey

1.883408605

Minnesota

2.247814596

South Dakota

1.838196286

Kansa

2.239955357

Missouri

1.753172475

Ohio

2.119175548

Minnesota

1.644846514

Wisconsin

2.062278575

Michigan

1.629502918

New Jersey

2.019847873

Ohio

1.629437153

Mississippi

1.998241913

Wisconsin

1.536453478

Illinois

1.903615428

Montana

1.525498891

Arkansas

1.903105125

Oklahoma

1.500289855

South Carolina

1.75224327

Indiana

1.500164474

Vermont

1.743421053

Kansa

1.466889881

Wyoming

1.711967546

Delaware

1.390804598

Michigan

1.671060576

Hawaii

1.228736581

Connecticut

1.574743025

Alabama

1.218124578

Missouri

1.572117962

Main

1.217425432

Delaware

1.569604087

New Mexico

1.169873557

Virginia

1.471319582

Louisiana

1.16136974

Tennessee

1.454209879

Nebraska

1.159555815

Indiana

1.399671053

Mississippi

1.150140647

Kentucky

1.390497402

Virginia

0.993783555

Washington

1.376484561

Georgia

0.925360371

Louisiana

1.332363474

Arkansas

0.903479237

Texas

1.061723658

Texas

0.90182725

North Carolina

1.028202261

North Carolina

0.816623183

Utah

1.019704433

Colorado

0.804231574

Colorado

1.003022553

California

0.794455434

Hawaii

0.992568126

Washington

0.78673227

Montana

0.981152993

South Carolina

0.772432702

West Virginia

0.975110619

Idaho

0.768754834

Idaho

0.964423821

New Hampshire

0.731983806

Oregon

0.931014323

Tennessee

0.714712603

Alaska

0.856230032

West Virginia

0.707964602

New Hampshire

0.84048583

Oregon

0.654486992

California

0.791266865

Vermont

0.587171053

Georgia

0.64182751

Arizona

0.561793372

Nevada

0.601101101

Utah

0.558441558

New Mexico

0.561297416

Kentucky

0.456817619

Florida

0.417657365

Florida

0.431422851

Main

0.308477237

Nevada

0.359359359

Arizona

0.16374269

Normalized data for scientists and engineers born in each state (ranked for each category).

State

Agricultural and food

State

Biological sciences

Nebraska

3.23611923

District of C.

13.78497

Wyoming

3.0872211

South Dakota

8.664456

Iowa

2.92720437

North Dakota

7.476636

South Dakota

2.81167109

Maryland

6.69338

Vermont

2.25

Montana

5.549889

Kansa

2.09151786

Iowa

5.191388

Montana

2.06873614

Kansa

5.132813

Wisconsin

1.91646467

Wyoming

4.916836

Idaho

1.60015468

New York

4.768655

North Dakota

1.46728972

Massachusetts

4.672547

Maryland

1.3815331

Pennsylvania

4.601335

Hawaii

1.36829067

West Virginia

4.315819

Rhode Island

1.33969466

Idaho

4.278422

Delaware

1.21966794

Minnesota

4.257166

Illinois

1.18528062

Wisconsin

4.110386

Main

1.17896389

Connecticut

3.946549

Oklahoma

1.1542029

Hawaii

3.886045

New Hampshire

1.05991903

Illinois

3.829374

Indiana

1.05049342

Ohio

3.672069

Utah

1.04433498

Nebraska

3.488603

Oregon

1.03449284

New Jersey

3.3802

New Mexico

1.00934579

Mississippi

3.181083

Missouri

0.93154602

Michigan

3.134031

Kentucky

0.91165553

Indiana

3.031579

Connecticut

0.87958884

Rhode Island

3.014313

West Virginia

0.86061947

Oklahoma

2.974493

Arkansas

0.84137673

New Mexico

2.737218

Minnesota

0.83838178

Main

2.66719

Massachusetts

0.82548433

Utah

2.61039

Pennsylvania

0.81410309

Delaware

2.570881

Ohio

0.80921342

New Hampshire

2.505263

District of C.

0.8041958

Washington

2.482694

Alabama

0.7528671

Alabama

2.406566

South Carolina

0.74850449

Missouri

2.351385

Colorado

0.68728203

Virginia

2.290901

Louisiana

0.63048344

Louisiana

2.230081

Washington

0.6128266

Alaska

2.210863

North Carolina

0.60864704

Oregon

2.07717

California

0.57341088

Kentucky

2.048008

Virginia

0.54973156

Arkansas

2.047138

New Jersey

0.54433088

Colorado

2.016275

Georgia

0.45699976

California

1.926811

Texas

0.44966668

South Carolina

1.917747

New York

0.43312605

Vermont

1.891447

Tennessee

0.42520654

Texas

1.79248

Michigan

0.41899779

Tennessee

1.706099

Arizona

0.41052632

Georgia

1.459932

Mississippi

0.34774965

North Carolina

1.368866

Nevada

0.25125125

Nevada

0.845345

Florida

0.14979352

Arizona

0.52807

Alaska

0

Florida

0.477475

 

Normalized data for scientists and engineers born in each state (ranked for each category).

State

Environmental

State

Chem. (except biochem.)

District of C.

1.160839161

District of C.

3.141608

Maryland

0.99956446

South Dakota

2.95756

Montana

0.84368071

West Virginia

2.407633

West Virginia

0.82909292

Pennsylvania

1.969058

Oregon

0.82373575

Wyoming

1.858012

Washington

0.745164574

Vermont

1.835526

North Dakota

0.739875389

Maryland

1.781794

Connecticut

0.709544787

New York

1.778931

Wyoming

0.677484787

Kansa

1.689732

Nebraska

0.617767387

New Hampshire

1.482591

Wisconsin

0.590714153

Illinois

1.432402

Mississippi

0.568213783

Indiana

1.367105

New Hampshire

0.550607287

Ohio

1.343169

Michigan

0.518917287

Rhode Island

1.341603

Louisiana

0.506042972

Mississippi

1.327356

Indiana

0.498190789

New Jersey

1.246613

Minnesota

0.49603578

Connecticut

1.243465

Missouri

0.480428954

Iowa

1.19959

Iowa

0.463773069

Nebraska

1.19813

Massachusetts

0.395810364

Massachusetts

1.196724

New York

0.371416526

Alabama

1.131324

Pennsylvania

0.365035421

Minnesota

1.04879

New Mexico

0.352941176

Michigan

1.027168

Ohio

0.330485334

Wisconsin

1.013052

Idaho

0.31941222

North Dakota

0.992212

Kansa

0.294270833

Arkansas

0.979798

Main

0.279434851

Missouri

0.974978

Rhode Island

0.268129771

North Carolina

0.972543

Delaware

0.265644955

Colorado

0.839572

Arkansas

0.257762813

Montana

0.81929

New Jersey

0.257309246

Oklahoma

0.809275

Vermont

0.245065789

Kentucky

0.806978

Illinois

0.240115951

Hawaii

0.790256

California

0.233090254

Georgia

0.752138

South Carolina

0.223080758

Idaho

0.672854

Colorado

0.219251337

Tennessee

0.609422

Virginia

0.167702741

South Carolina

0.596211

Tennessee

0.166813148

Virginia

0.594094

Hawaii

0.163501239

Louisiana

0.547896

Georgia

0.155875886

Delaware

0.524904

North Carolina

0.136911418

Oregon

0.521193

Oklahoma

0.127826087

Utah

0.520824

Alaska

0.108626198

Texas

0.485492

Kentucky

0.096015838

New Mexico

0.423859

Florida

0.080215242

California

0.411945

Utah

0.079265562

Washington

0.376654

Arizona

0.047368421

Alaska

0.282748

Texas

0.042060333

Arizona

0.247953

Nevada

0.036536537

Florida

0.243649

Alabama

0.030357544

Main

0.112245

South Dakota

0

Nevada

0.096096

 

Normalized data for scientists and engineers born in each state (ranked for each category).

State

Earth science/geology

State

Physics/astronomy

District of C.

1.61013986

Wyoming

3.7342799

Oklahoma

1.496231884

District of C.

2.9982517

Kansa

1.382068452

Idaho

1.5475638

North Dakota

1.345794393

Montana

1.4678492

Rhode Island

1.31870229

Delaware

1.2273308

Idaho

1.145398299

North Dakota

1.2165109

Nebraska

0.999415546

Main

1.0722135

Montana

0.883592018

New York

1.0406303

Maryland

0.868902439

South Dakota

0.9084881

New York

0.835212901

Pennsylvania

0.8664604

Arkansas

0.823419379

Kansa

0.8459821

Washington

0.819816763

New Jersey

0.7926076

Massachusetts

0.813828949

Iowa

0.7641832

Alaska

0.811501597

Maryland

0.761324

Pennsylvania

0.779008224

Massachusetts

0.6826272

Illinois

0.76898301

Oklahoma

0.6466667

Main

0.764521193

Connecticut

0.6161527

Iowa

0.752563226

Indiana

0.5835526

Colorado

0.747965589

Missouri

0.5615728

Ohio

0.717167269

Nebraska

0.5587376

Indiana

0.712006579

Illinois

0.4959337

Louisiana

0.695837064

Virginia

0.4682114

South Dakota

0.694960212

Minnesota

0.4657451

Wisconsin

0.676114115

New Hampshire

0.4421053

Texas

0.667114287

Ohio

0.4280807

Minnesota

0.63976418

Oregon

0.4250219

New Jersey

0.61017352

Utah

0.4236453

West Virginia

0.57079646

Michigan

0.4165828

Hawaii

0.554087531

Rhode Island

0.389313

Oregon

0.543992985

Colorado

0.3843292

Connecticut

0.490455213

Tennessee

0.3728247

Michigan

0.434292614

Wisconsin

0.3619243

Alabama

0.393973465

Kentucky

0.3395199

Kentucky

0.390249938

South Carolina

0.3172981

South Carolina

0.385842473

Arkansas

0.3000374

Utah

0.378414689

Washington

0.2970818

Missouri

0.363717605

Louisiana

0.2893912

California

0.331079685

North Carolina

0.274444

Delaware

0.320561941

Georgia

0.2632543

Arizona

0.30545809

California

0.252694

Mississippi

0.304852321

Texas

0.2446885

North Carolina

0.296558579

Mississippi

0.2398031

Wyoming

0.296146045

Hawaii

0.2345169

New Mexico

0.2737768

New Mexico

0.2314458

Georgia

0.262521378

Vermont

0.1990132

Virginia

0.23113874

Alabama

0.1758489

New Hampshire

0.201619433

West Virginia

0.1631637

Vermont

0.111842105

Florida

0.1523589

Tennessee

0.106872913

Arizona

0.1163743

Florida

0.061068702

Alaska

0.1070288

Nevada

0.036036036

Nevada

0.0345345

 

Normalized data for scientists and engineers born in each state (ranked for each category).

State

Other physical science

State

Aerospace

Iowa

0.593643

District of C.

2.45104895

Kansa

0.385789

North Dakota

1.07943925

Connecticut

0.327166

Wyoming

0.88438134

New York

0.278562

Vermont

0.71710526

District of C.

0.262238

Hawaii

0.67630058

Alabama

0.262199

Iowa

0.62235133

New Mexico

0.233095

Connecticut

0.61820852

Pennsylvania

0.231577

Illinois

0.60149771

Oregon

0.227419

Nebraska

0.58854471

Montana

0.227273

New York

0.54063027

Arkansas

0.209877

Minnesota

0.51392559

Missouri

0.201251

Indiana

0.50328947

New Jersey

0.195626

Michigan

0.48540954

North Carolina

0.190334

Montana

0.43015521

Minnesota

0.16914

Pennsylvania

0.43001384

Rhode Island

0.167939

Colorado

0.41013718

Idaho

0.154679

Ohio

0.40729323

Wyoming

0.146045

Delaware

0.40229885

South Carolina

0.132851

Massachusetts

0.34714128

Michigan

0.119843

Oklahoma

0.33942029

Kentucky

0.11804

Idaho

0.33178654

New Hampshire

0.110121

New Jersey

0.31530782

Indiana

0.105263

West Virginia

0.30309735

Washington

0.098575

Alabama

0.27951428

Oklahoma

0.094493

Maryland

0.27351916

Delaware

0.091954

Kansa

0.26525298

Illinois

0.076415

Utah

0.21674877

Massachusetts

0.066782

Virginia

0.21588019

Utah

0.066726

Wisconsin

0.18925974

Florida

0.064322

South Dakota

0.18169761

California

0.057926

California

0.1684627

Georgia

0.053262

Georgia

0.16528219

Colorado

0.046036

Arkansas

0.16311261

Texas

0.044171

Main

0.16012559

Nebraska

0.039158

Missouri

0.15996425

Louisiana

0.037825

Tennessee

0.14519248

Ohio

0.033824

Florida

0.14447503

Virginia

0.030941

South Carolina

0.14332004

Arizona

0.010331

New Mexico

0.14183617

North Dakota

0

Kentucky

0.13363029

Main

0

Rhode Island

0.13263359

South Dakota

0

Arizona

0.12202729

Maryland

0

Texas

0.11361565

Tennessee

0

Louisiana

0.10854969

Wisconsin

0

Washington

0.08177808

Mississippi

0

North Carolina

0.06584669

Hawaii

0

New Hampshire

0.05587045

Vermont

0

Oregon

0.055247

West Virginia

0

Mississippi

0.04957806

Alaska

0

Alaska

0

Nevada

0

Nevada

0

 

Normalized data for scientists and engineers born in each state (ranked for each category).

State

Chem. Engr.

State

Civil/Architectural

North Dakota

1.417445

District of C.

5.984265734

District of C.

1.416084

North Dakota

3.591900312

Wyoming

1.306288

Wyoming

3.184584178

Pennsylvania

1.185978

South Dakota

3.183023873

Rhode Island

1.121183

Hawaii

2.699421965

New Mexico

0.935129

Montana

2.549889135

Oklahoma

0.827246

Iowa

2.140806562

Ohio

0.816172

Massachusetts

1.868325721

New York

0.759802

Main

1.783359498

Montana

0.748337

Kansa

1.674479167

Missouri

0.742806

Idaho

1.474864656

Vermont

0.717105

West Virginia

1.465154867

Louisiana

0.710161

Missouri

1.461840929

Iowa

0.651743

New York

1.454943086

Illinois

0.62493

Maryland

1.447299652

New Jersey

0.615997

Illinois

1.403414124

Minnesota

0.61232

Ohio

1.335594116

West Virginia

0.607854

Nebraska

1.329631794

Massachusetts

0.594897

Pennsylvania

1.322775018

Indiana

0.592928

Rhode Island

1.295801527

New Hampshire

0.581377

Vermont

1.245065789

Kansa

0.566964

Minnesota

1.234803822

Wisconsin

0.534029

Wisconsin

1.226179377

Michigan

0.499899

Connecticut

1.201762115

Connecticut

0.478414

Utah

1.042543663

Nebraska

0.469901

Michigan

1.031394647

Hawaii

0.468208

Washington

0.909738717

Washington

0.425008

Tennessee

0.909122869

Utah

0.422302

Kentucky

0.890126206

Alabama

0.408815

Virginia

0.888245267

Kentucky

0.390745

Mississippi

0.886779184

Maryland

0.343206

Alabama

0.846863054

Mississippi

0.336146

New Mexico

0.832875206

Texas

0.335092

Oregon

0.826658872

Arkansas

0.321362

New Jersey

0.808533397

Tennessee

0.277377

Arkansas

0.761316872

Delaware

0.268199

Colorado

0.743315508

Colorado

0.232272

Indiana

0.731578947

Oregon

0.204619

New Hampshire

0.694736842

North Carolina

0.188968

Oklahoma

0.675072464

Georgia

0.18776

Louisiana

0.604521038

South Carolina

0.187188

North Carolina

0.591129333

South Dakota

0.18435

South Carolina

0.590727817

Main

0.161695

Texas

0.551532301

Virginia

0.144674

Nevada

0.534034034

Arizona

0.144444

California

0.502229045

Alaska

0.110224

Georgia

0.481431713

California

0.109976

Delaware

0.393358876

Idaho

0.105955

Alaska

0.332268371

Florida

0.041109

Arizona

0.210136452

Nevada

0.036537

Florida

0.190213991

 

Normalized data for scientists and engineers born in each state (ranked for each category).

State

Electrical

State

Industrial engr.

District of C.

5.18006993

District of C.

1.29021

Montana

4.42350333

Wyoming

1.026369

North Dakota

3.61682243

Pennsylvania

0.753766

Wyoming

3.59432049

Ohio

0.707214

Maryland

3.48432056

Massachusetts

0.699795

Nebraska

3.40151958

Nebraska

0.670953

Massachusetts

3.37564971

Alabama

0.627164

South Dakota

3.29973475

Mississippi

0.579817

Pennsylvania

2.96107809

Michigan

0.573154

Wisconsin

2.8631363

Indiana

0.565954

Kansa

2.63541667

West Virginia

0.564712

Hawaii

2.6300578

New York

0.523293

New York

2.51496627

Kansa

0.50744

Illinois

2.47185764

New Jersey

0.484074

Missouri

2.40464701

Iowa

0.480861

West Virginia

2.39380531

Georgia

0.471048

Ohio

2.33039725

Rhode Island

0.466603

Michigan

2.32149326

Utah

0.452754

Idaho

2.30781129

Virginia

0.446736

Iowa

2.29049897

North Dakota

0.442368

Minnesota

2.27444603

Maryland

0.397648

New Jersey

2.15022581

Illinois

0.392785

Rhode Island

2.14790076

Minnesota

0.369994

Indiana

2.00707237

Kentucky

0.368226

Connecticut

1.92511013

Oklahoma

0.348986

Tennessee

1.82439796

Tennessee

0.314291

Main

1.74254317

Texas

0.307707

New Mexico

1.64870808

Arkansas

0.2948

Kentucky

1.63771344

Wisconsin

0.281559

Delaware

1.62068966

Oregon

0.27185

Oklahoma

1.61826087

North Carolina

0.263884

Arkansas

1.57687991

Vermont

0.217105

Utah

1.5750112

Missouri

0.203396

Mississippi

1.54781997

California

0.201943

Alabama

1.53744097

New Mexico

0.169874

Louisiana

1.34064458

New Hampshire

0.168421

Colorado

1.27691235

Connecticut

0.158884

New Hampshire

1.23481781

Montana

0.149667

Washington

1.14625042

South Carolina

0.139083

Oregon

1.10698626

Washington

0.137089

South Carolina

1.09621137

Louisiana

0.123769

California

1.01839332

Colorado

0.093699

North Carolina

0.9898124

Delaware

0.093231

Texas

0.95228047

South Dakota

0.091512

Virginia

0.90604691

Florida

0.068452

Vermont

0.84868421

Hawaii

0.043765

Arizona

0.70935673

Arizona

0.04191

Georgia

0.66454923

Idaho

0

Florida

0.40833438

Main

0

Alaska

0.33067093

Alaska

0

Nevada

0.27377377

Nevada

0

 

Normalized data for scientists and engineers born in each state (ranked for each category).

State

Mechanical

State

Other Engr.

District of C.

4.8671329

District of C.

3.825175

Massachusetts

2.7927233

Main

3.094976

South Dakota

2.7068966

South Dakota

2.895225

Michigan

2.3641578

Nebraska

2.5827

Pennsylvania

2.3168309

Massachusetts

2.039376

Connecticut

2.2472834

Pennsylvania

1.92582

North Dakota

2.2398754

Montana

1.797118

Wisconsin

2.0443781

West Virginia

1.649336

Ohio

1.9926011

Oklahoma

1.597101

New York

1.9106239

Iowa

1.555366

Indiana

1.7800987

Rhode Island

1.543893

Nebraska

1.7627119

Utah

1.529333

West Virginia

1.7505531

Kansa

1.494048

Montana

1.7427938

Maryland

1.488676

Minnesota

1.6948567

Wisconsin

1.475294

Maryland

1.6929443

New York

1.464113

New Jersey

1.596387

Illinois

1.383364

Missouri

1.5406613

Wyoming

1.241379

Illinois

1.5287865

Colorado

1.194606

Kansa

1.5252976

Indiana

1.184211

Oklahoma

1.5095652

North Dakota

1.174455

Louisiana

1.4165175

Alaska

1.123003

Rhode Island

1.3482824

Minnesota

1.099004

Iowa

1.3096377

Hawaii

1.055326

New Mexico

1.1957119

New Jersey

1.045757

Washington

1.1564303

Alabama

1.01799

Alabama

1.0908478

Ohio

0.967498

Virginia

1.0538288

Missouri

0.961573

Delaware

1.0063857

Michigan

0.90481

Wyoming

0.9472617

Washington

0.888191

Vermont

0.9259868

Connecticut

0.853744

Oregon

0.8892137

Texas

0.812815

Main

0.8861852

North Carolina

0.803702

Texas

0.850271

Idaho

0.765661

Tennessee

0.8491826

Delaware

0.765006

Utah

0.8486341

New Hampshire

0.749798

Idaho

0.8298531

Louisiana

0.682184

New Hampshire

0.8218623

Kentucky

0.673348

Hawaii

0.8092486

Mississippi

0.648031

South Carolina

0.7657029

Virginia

0.577423

North Carolina

0.7178531

Georgia

0.573662

Mississippi

0.693038

New Mexico

0.552501

Colorado

0.6721693

California

0.542057

California

0.6290337

Arkansas

0.47774

Arkansas

0.6157875

South Carolina

0.439681

Kentucky

0.6080178

Tennessee

0.298295

Georgia

0.5357928

Oregon

0.274773

Florida

0.2547866

Vermont

0.240132

Arizona

0.2288499

Florida

0.215305

Alaska

0.2108626

Arizona

0.147953

Nevada

0.0945946

Nevada

0.132132

 

Normalized data for total number of scientists and engineers born in each state (total score) using 2000 census data and information from the NSF (1993)

State

Total

District of C.

66.33916084

North Dakota

35.44080997

South Dakota

34.21618037

Wyoming

30.5821501

Maryland

28.04747387

Montana

26.20842572

Iowa

25.99794942

Pennsylvania

25.6769807

Massachusetts

24.94219562

Nebraska

24.59029807

Kansa

24.19791667

New York

24.00532251

Wisconsin

20.8812232

Illinois

20.32321443

Rhode Island

20.13549618

Ohio

19.63939047

Minnesota

19.60703395

West Virginia

19.56471239

Connecticut

19.18913363

Oklahoma

18.36753623

New Jersey

17.94639886

Indiana

17.61315789

Hawaii

17.60033031

Michigan

17.55071443

Idaho

17.26759474

Missouri

16.66505809

Main

15.42935636

Alabama

14.62761412

Mississippi

13.85864979

Vermont

13.77467105

Delaware

13.73052363

Utah

12.789073

Arkansas

12.47699214

New Mexico

12.46948873

Louisiana

12.41763653

Washington

12.34051578

New Hampshire

12.23157895

Colorado

11.37107649

Kentucky

11.25958921

Virginia

11.03065838

Oregon

10.86787489

South Carolina

10.20812562

Tennessee

10.17402004

Texas

9.612536569

North Carolina

9.314324761

Alaska

8.78913738

California

8.544772815

Georgia

8.050696311

Arizona

3.996296296

Florida

3.400638218

Nevada

3.331331331

Normalized data for total number of scientists and engineers born in each state (total score) using 1960 population data, and 1993 figures from the NSF for number of scientists and engineers born in each state

State

Population in 1960

Population in 2000

(thousand)

Score (per thousand) using 1960 census

1960-2000 population growth

Wyoming

330,066

493 45.67874304 1.493641

South Dakota

680,514

754 37.91104959 1.107986

North Dakota

632,444

642 35.97630778 1.01511

Montana

674,767

902 35.03431555 1.336758

Hawaii

632,772

1211 33.68353847 1.913801

Idaho

667,191

1293 33.46418042 1.937976

Utah

890,627

2233 32.06505081 2.507222

Massachusetts

5,148,578

6349 30.7576189 1.233156

Kansa

2,178,611

2688 29.85572 1.233814

Nebraska

1,411,330

1711 29.81159615 1.212332

Wisconsin

3,951,777

5363 28.33813751 1.357111

Minnesota

3,413,864

4919 28.2515648 1.440889

Colorado

1,753,947

4301 27.88396684 2.452184

Pennsylvania

11,319,366

12281 27.85836238 1.084955

Iowa

2,755,537

2926 27.60623428 1.061862

Oklahoma

2,328,284

3450 27.21661103 1.481778

New York

16,782,304

18976 27.14317414 1.130715

Connecticut

2,535,234

3405 25.77237447 1.343071

Washington

2,853,214

5894 25.49230447 2.065741

Illinois

10,081,158

12419 25.03621112 1.231902

New Jersey

6,066,782

8414 24.88980155 1.386897

New Hampshire

606,921

1235 24.88956553 2.034861

Alaska

223,866

626 24.57720243 2.796316

Rhode Island

859,488

1048 24.5518262 1.219331

Delaware

446,292

783 24.0896095 1.754457

New Mexico

951,023

1819 23.85010667 1.912677

Nevada

285,278

1998 23.33162739 7.003695

Ohio

9,706,397

11353 22.97103652 1.169641

Indiana

4,662,498

6080 22.9679455 1.304022

Michigan

7,823,194

9938 22.29511374 1.270325

Missouri

4,319,813

5595 21.58449915 1.295195

Vermont

389,881

608 21.4809134 1.55945

Oregon

1,768,687

3421 21.02067805 1.934203

Texas

9,579,677

20851 20.92252171 2.176587

Maryland

3,100,689

2296 20.76860982 0.740481

Main

969,265

1274 20.2803155 1.314398

Alabama

3,266,740

4447 19.91251217 1.361296

Virginia

3,966,949

7078 19.68137226 1.784243

West Virginia

1,860,421

1808 19.01343836 0.971823

Arkansas

1,786,272

2673 18.67072875 1.496413

California

15,717,204

33871 18.41421668 2.155027

Mississippi

2,178,141

2844 18.09524728 1.305701

South Carolina

2,382,594

4012 17.18924835 1.683879

Louisiana

3,257,022

4468 17.03457945 1.371805

Georgia

3,943,116

8186 16.71343171 2.076023

North Carolina

4,556,155

8049 16.45488356 1.766621

Tennessee

3,567,089

5689 16.22611603 1.594858

Arizona

1,302,161

5130 15.74382891 3.939605

Kentucky

3,038,156

4041 14.9761895 1.330083

Florida

4,951,560

15982 10.97613681 3.22767

 

 

Appendix B

Partial data from table 5 in "Degrees and Other Awards Conferred by Title IV Eligible Degree-granting Institutions: 1996-1997." All schools

State

Associateís

Bachelorís

Masterís

Doctorís

Alabama

20,030 20,647 7478 562

Alaska

959 1473 516 20

Arizona

9,208 17831 7646 789

Arkansas

3,339 9214 2199 149

California

71,273 10659 39277 5675

Colorado

8,056 20680 7613 887

Connecticut

4,703 13684 6949 667

Delaware

1,025 4334 1184 189

District of C.

369 7229 7281 537

Florida

45,055 47530 6244 1816

Georgia

9,176 27519 9677 947

Hawaii

3,072 4755 1698 185

Idaho

4,288 4509 1057 90

Illinois

26,436 51868 25138 2665

Indiana

10,039 30477 7590 1121

Iowa

8,777 17923 3340 647

Kansa

7,024 14428 4807 471

Kentucky

6,765 14674 4553 411

Louisiana

5,650 17507 5515 544

Main

2,372 5565 1033 75

Maryland

8,068 21391 9953 994

Massachusetts

11,929 40429 23957 2272

Michigan

21,934 44225 16793 1492

Minnesota

10,644 22618 6507 932

Mississippi

5,762 10252 3245 326

Missouri

9,664 28066 11259 777

Montana

1,397 4752 861 93

Nebraska

3,429 9871 2395 369

Nevada

1,766 3705 1023 89

New Hampshire

3,253 7581 2441 138

New Jersey

12,980 4845 8462 1038

New Mexico

3,643 6326 2635 280

New York

54,291 96392 45947 3898

North Carolina

15,667 34202 8181 1094

North Dakota

1,932 4627 703 87

Ohio

21,542 49016 16726 2334

Oklahoma

6,560 15123 4447 448

Oregon

5,658 13290 4099 504

Pennsylvania

23,068 62443 19912 2437

Rhode Island

3,767 8319 1909 240

South Carolina

6,434 15267 4593 409

South Dakota

1,622 4230 1027 95

Tennessee

7,270 21147 6886 747

Texas

26,884 71172 22837 2810

Utah

6,652 15806 3186 387

Vermont

1,375 4309 1166 52

Virginia

11,644 30847 11129 1145

Washington

19,562 22893 7187 735

West Virginia

3,752 8172 2234 142

Wisconsin

6,468 27405 6513 986

Wyoming

1,990 1652 393 79

Partial data from table 5b in "Degrees and Other Awards Conferred by Title IV Eligible Degree-granting Institutions: 1996-1997." Private, non-profit schools

State

Associateís

Bachelorís

Masterís

Doctorís

Alabama

497 3,251 509 7

Alaska

6 80 51 0

Arizona

68 1168 1241 0

Arkansas

84 1809 90 0

California

4,056 25557 19176 2819

Colorado

291 2757 2122 107

Connecticut

730 6887 4214 413

Delaware

162 854 324 27

District of C.

24 6482 6945 537

Florida

2,067 13462 7019 775

Georgia

877 7309 2215 236

Hawaii

636 1423 488 0

Idaho

2,919 423 24 0

Illinois

1,707 21917 14796 1256

Indiana

1,188 9742 1940 144

Iowa

543 8416 888 18

Kansa

515 3234 812 0

Kentucky

441 2883 594 108

Louisiana

427 2965 1428 163

Main

221 2360 294 15

Maryland

308 4348 4708 357

Massachusetts

3,804 28031 20314 1905

Michigan

3,138 10477 2739 78

Minnesota

850 8109 2732 80

Mississippi

114 1850 551 0

Missouri

1,751 12452 6874 373

Montana

277 627 27 0

Nebraska

267 3132 471 58

Nevada

0 47 0 0

New Hampshire

575 3749 1672 77

New Jersey

294 6682 3358 472

New Mexico

17 508 157 0

New York

8,478 52113 32408 2550

North Carolina

822 10740 2116 282

North Dakota

58 480 37 0

Ohio

1,476 16895 5508 576

Oklahoma

147 2459 935 49

Oregon

16 3783 1385 69

Pennsylvania

3,097 31806 11164 1112

Rhode Island

2,353 5278 1080 153

South Carolina

648 3708 453 11

South Dakota

134 657 152 2

Tennessee

511 7358 2220 236

Texas

497 15313 5513 375

Utah

165 6863 1105 87

Vermont

581 2060 808 6

Virginia

606 7502 2194 23

Washington

127 5027 3441 36

West Virginia

344 1274 133 0

Wisconsin

260 7779 1679 102

Wyoming

0 0 0 0

Appendix C

States of Inventors holding US Patents

State

Total

Per capita

Delaware

12388 15.8212

Connecticut

46917 13.77885

Maryland

30046 13.08624

New Jersey

100414 11.93416

Massachusetts

67706 10.66404

New Hampshire

11580 9.376518

Minnesota

42713 8.683269

Vermont

5137 8.449013

Michigan

76738 7.721674

California

256008 7.558324

Idaho

9571 7.402166

Illinois

91611 7.376681

Pennsylvania

88741 7.225877

New York

136448 7.190556

Ohio

80580 7.097683

Rhode Island

6926 6.608779

Wisconsin

35186 6.56088

Colorado

27686 6.437108

Oregon

19832 5.797135

Indiana

33476 5.505921

Utah

11187 5.009852

Oklahoma

17034 4.937391

Washington

28553 4.844418

Arizona

24267 4.730409

Texas

95620 4.585871

Iowa

12650 4.323308

Missouri

20993 3.7521

North Carolina

29204 3.628277

District of C.

2045 3.575175

Virginia

24240 3.424696

New Mexico

5996 3.296317

Kansa

8742 3.252232

Florida

50925 3.186397

South Carolina

11986 2.987537

Tennessee

16660 2.928458

Louisiana

12093 2.70658

Montana

2420 2.682927

Wyoming

1317 2.6714

Georgia

21780 2.66064

West Virginia

4805 2.657633

Main

3215 2.523548

Kentucky

10111 2.502103

Nebraska

4203 2.456458

North Dakota

1538 2.395639

Nevada

4767 2.385886

Alabama

8875 1.995727

Alaska

1118 1.785942

South Dakota

1267 1.680371

Hawaii

1875 1.548307

Arkansas

3754 1.404415

Mississippi

3644 1.281294

Appendix D

Data used by Wootton. As reported by Wootton, these data show states of birth of scientists listed in American Men and Women of Science, 1998-1999 edition, per million white population, U.S. Census, 1960. (Assumes the average scientist is 40 years of age in 1998-99.). See http://www.angelfire.com/az2/saintsci/.

States of Birth

Per thousand

Utah

Delaware

Indiana

Massachusetts

New York

Kansas

Maine

Rhode Island

Iowa

South Dakota

Oregon

Connecticut

Montana

Wyoming

Illinois

Washington

Colorado

Maryland

Idaho

North Dakota

Nebraska

Missouri

New Jersey

California

Arkansas

Minnesota

New Mexico

Pennsylvania

Wisconsin

Nevada

Mississippi

Ohio

New Hampshire

North Carolina

Oklahoma

Vermont

Michigan

West Virginia

Tennessee

Louisiana

Florida

Arizona

Alabama

Texas

Virginia

South Carolina

Georgia

Kentucky

1.417

1.399

1.234

1.129

1.041

1.040

1.017

1.009

1.001

.984

.978

.966

.948

.947

.935

.929

.927

.920

.879

.868

.868

.861

.859

.835

.813

.795

.791

.767

.747

.740

.671

.647

.626

.599

.595

.579

.577

.562

.557

.550

.472

.467

.445

.432

.427

.393

.365

.356


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